Whew! Gmail's Campaign Guidelines for Political Email


It started with a letter to the FEC, then took us on a whirlwind of emotion through the landscape of political email, and has landed us back to where we began. And where was that? With best practices.

In June, Axios posted an article detailing Gmail’s move to allow political spam into the inbox. The article was bumped up against a reference to proposed legislation in the Senate titled “Political Bias in Algorithm Sorting (BIAS) Emails Act of 2022,” which wanted to prohibit filtering of political mail and would require mailbox providers to release reports on how that mail was treated. Thus tying Gmail’s letter to the FEC requesting approval to run the pilot as a counter to the legislation.

When the FEC approved the pilot, there was even concern about where this was heading and Gmail’s intent. But the letter to the FEC was to ensure they (Gmail) were able to make system changes, as Microsoft once did, that would not effectively be seen as a contribution to a political campaign.

Needless to say, how this all came out (in pieces with one viewpoint AND in a hot political climate) wasn’t painting a positive picture of Gmail. It came off like Gmail was going to be the ‘Bad Sheriff’ in the Wild West of Email (this is a great read, by the way). However, there were some that were reticent to determine the benefits or downfalls of the program and Gmail’s intent (yet another great read).

And now that Gmail has published the application form and guidelines for the program, two things are clear:

  1. The pilot program is no different than what is requested by Gmail for every day senders (almost).
  2. The pilot program meets a significant chunk of the legislation requirements detailed in the Political BIAS Emails Act.

Let’s dig in a little deeper on each of these.

The Pilot Doesn’t Change the Field for Anyone

I wrote about this over on Spam Resource and I got more in the weeds around what Gmail is requesting. But you can also read the eligibility requirements if you want to see it all laid out. However, let me highlight a couple reasons this pilot program is just another stroll in the park.

The requirements are best practices!

And that’s it. That sums it up. There are a few more details, but essentially if you…

  • Don’t spam
  • Authenticate your emails properly
  • Use DMARC at enforcement to protect against phishing or spoofing (especially in the age of misinformation…I did not mean for that to be facetious)
  • Use active domains with a history of over 30 days
  • Offer up one-click unsubscribe for Gmail’s UI via the list-unsubscribe header

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  • Don’t send illegal content
  • Don’t send messaging that may lead to harassment, threats, etc.

…then you are golden! All of these things we have been recommending and continue to recommend to this day to senders as best common practices.

There are a few additional pieces to make sure those qualified political senders stay enrolled and they are:

  • A cap on the number of registered domains (no more than 5) to make sure spam doesn’t proliferate across or hide behind an excessive number of domains. This is essentially snowshoe spamming, but using domains to spread the volume.
  • The campaign or committee must prove they are associated with the political groups allowed to participate and approved by the FEC.

All of the best practices have been accessible to senders for years. Whether they are easy to implement or not, or if they go against the sender’s goals, is another story.

The Pilot Program Proactively Fits the Model Requested in the BIAS Legislation

It wasn’t until I went back and reread the proposed legislation that I realized how much this program not only hits the nail on the head about what it takes to send mail, but also how much it becomes a stinging zinger of a response.

Why? Because it’s fitting that what Gmail ended up laying out not only fits the legislation, but also delicately screams, “Send. Better.” So apropos since the sending behavior for political mailers is most often antithetical to this.

I won’t detail every section, but below I will highlight a couple sections. Most of them are where the legislation is trying to ‘rein in’ Gmail. So Gmail agrees and rolls it into the program, but, and here’s the best part, it still ends up being better for Gmail.

Descriptive summary of how the mail was filtered: Not done.

I would venture that trying to peel apart the AI is not only extremely difficult, but also not information that you would want to be accessed by spammers and bad actors. Once they have the keys to that kingdom, it would be difficult to prevent further abuse.

Verbiage from proposed legislation:

(F) A descriptive summary as to why an email from the political campaign requesting the information did not reach the intended re- cipient’s primary inbox.

Access to the reports: DONE!

Gmail’s program will do this using their Google Postmaster Tools site.

Verbiage from proposed legislation:

(3) PUBLICATION AND FORMAT.—The operator of an email service shall publish each quarterly report required under this subsection with an open license, in a machine-readable and open format, and in a location that is easily accessible to consumers.

Detailed results on placement for a campaign: DONE!

Although the legislation also asks to have this broken out by political parties and accessible, there is likely a good reason that Gmail focused instead on providing the results on a per campaign basis via the Google Postmaster Tools site only. My initial thought is that tracking party data by user may be an overreach with data concerns.

Screenshot of Gmail’s report below and bolded the sections where it fits the BIAS Act requirements. Note that because Gmail provides a base count and a percentage, it’s reasonable to assume that they are also providing the counts (you just need to do a little multiplication) so I am considering that as fitting the request. I am also not distinguishing between inbox and primary inbox as Gmail truly sees these as one in the same especially if a user does not use labels or uses another (mail user agent) MUA to read the mail.

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Verbiage from proposed legislation:

(2) CONTENT OF THE DISCLOSURE.—The information described in this paragraph is the following:

(A) The number of instances during the previous quarter when emails from the political campaign requesting the information were flagged as spam.

(B) The percentage of emails sent from the political campaign requesting the information that were flagged as spam during the previous quarter.

(C) The number of instances during the previous calendar quarter when emails from the political campaign requesting the information were flagged as spam by a filtering algorithm.

(D) The total number of emails sent from the political campaign requesting the information that reached the intended recipient’s primary inbox.

(E) The percentage of emails sent from the political campaign requesting the information that reached the intended recipient’s primary inbox.

Access to best practices: DONE!

This one is my absolute favorite because best practices ARE the requirements to be eligible for the program!

Verbiage from proposed legislation:

(4) BEST PRACTICES.—An operator of an email service shall provide to a political campaign, upon request, best practices on steps the political campaign should take to increase the number of emails from the political campaign that reach the intended recipient’s primary inbox.


Gmail has created a pathway to the inbox for political senders. The kicker is, it was always there, just known by another name—Best Practices. And although there are still a few outstanding questions, this was a fantastic response to ensure the email ecosystem and inboxes maintain their high standards and the education about best practices is shared.

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